Single-Shot-Decoding with High Thresholds in LDPC Quantum Codes with Constant Encoding Rate

SLIDES It is believed that active quantum error correction will be an essential ingredient to build a scalable quantum computer. The currently favored scheme is the surface code due to its high decoding threshold and efficient decoding algorithm. However, it suffers from large overheads which are even more severe when parity check measurements are subject to errors and have to be repeated. Furthermore, the number of encoded qubits in the surface code does not grow with system size, leading to a sub-optimal use of the physical qubits.

Local Decoders for the 2D and 4D Toric Code

We analyze the performance of decoders for the 2D and 4D toric code which are local by construction. The 2D decoder is a cellular automaton decoder formulated by Harrington which explicitly has a finite speed of communication and computation. For a model of independent X and Z errors and faulty syndrome measurements with identical probability we report a threshold of 0.133% for this decoder. We implement a decoder for the 4D toric code which is based on a decoder by Hastings.