Single-Shot Decoding of Linear Rate LDPC Quantum Codes with High Performance

Abstract

We construct and analyze a family of low-density parity check (LDPC) quantum codes with a linear encoding rate, polynomial scaling distance and efficient decoding schemes. The code family is based on tessellations of closed, four-dimensional, hyperbolic manifolds, as first suggested by Guth and Lubotzky. The main contribution of this work is the construction of suitable manifolds via finite presentations of Coxeter groups, their linear representations over Galois fields and topological coverings. We establish a lower bound on the encoding rate k/n of 1372 = 0.180… and we show that the bound is tight for the examples that we construct. Numerical simulations give evidence that parallelizable decoding schemes of low computational complexity suffice to obtain high performance. These decoding schemes can deal with syndrome noise, so that parity check measurements do not have to be repeated to decode. Our data is consistent with a threshold of around 4% in the phenomenological noise model with syndrome noise in the single-shot regime.